UNDERSTANDING BRAIN SKILLS

What are Cognitive Skills?

They are the specific skills our brains use to process stimuli. Cognitive skills include attention, memory, perception, processing, processing speed, logic, and reasoning. No single skill is responsible for cognition. Learning takes place because of multiple cognitive skills— attention, memory, perception, processing, processing speed, logic, and reasoning.

Use of Cognitive Skills

We use cognitive skills to learn, read, think, remember, reason, and focus attention. We apply cognitive skills in circumstances surrounding academic tasks.  This includes reading, writing, and learning at school. During certain tasks, multiple cognitive skills are executed at once.

What Are Executive Function Skills?

Executive function skills are “high order thinking patterns” that we all use to successfully navigate the world we live in.

Children who acquire strong executive function skills become successful students who, for example, consistently complete their assignments on time, remember what they’re taught in class, participate actively in the classroom, filter outside distractions to stay on task, develop stronger relationships with their teachers and maintain self-control, even in the face of temptations.

Conversely, children with weaker executive function skills may struggle in a school setting.

Use of Executive Function Skills

We use executive function skills every day to do things like plan our time, focus our attention, hold information in our minds and juggle priorities. As adults, we often take these skills for granted, but children must develop these skills, starting at infancy and continuing into their late teens and early twenties.

What are the outputs your child is going to experience? 

  • Become more focused on everyday activities
  • Improved academic performance
  • Increased occurrence of positive behaviour
  • Strengthened Cognitive Skills (helps with reading, writing, listening, paying attention, and remembering better)
  • Strengthened Executive Functioning skills (helps to process information faster, filter / ignore distractions that impact attention and to develop mental flexibility and problem-solving skills)